Proper citation of data sources has both immediate and long term benefits to users and producers of data. For data producers, citation provides proper attribution and credit. Consistently cited data sets create a bibliographic "trail" much like citation metrics that are associated more traditionally with journal articles. This tracking allows data producers to demonstrate the impact of their work and helps to establish research data as an important contribution to the scholarly record. For users, citation makes it easier to find datasets, encouraging the reuse of data for new research questions.
Citing data is very similar to citing publications; there are many "correct" formats to use, but we suggest including the following important information:
- creator(s) or contributor(s)
- date of publication
- title of dataset
- identifier (e.g. Handle, ARK, DOI) or URL of source
- version, when appropriate
- date accessed, when appropriate
The order of the information is not as important as having sufficient information to find the data set(s) used. Consider the style guidelines of the research domain or lab group, data source, or preferred publisher (see "Related information" below).
Data publishers may provide a suggested citation that can include additional information such as resource type, retrieval date, and funder or sponsor information. Some repositories will also request citation of related publication(s) along with the data. Follow the most appropriate format while meeting the requirements of the data suppliers.
Barclay, Janet Rice (2013) Stream Discharge from Harford, NY. Cornell University Library's eCommons @ Cornell. http://hdl.handle.net/1813/34425
Malekjani, Shokoufeh (2012) Microstructural response of nanocrystalline Al to cyclic loading. Deacon Research Online. http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30045928
Yannic G, Pellissier L, Dubey S, Vega R, Basset P, Mazzotti S, Pecchioli E, Vernesi C, Hauffe HC, Searle JB, Hausser J (2012) Data from: Multiple refugia and barriers explain the phylogeography of the Valais shrew, Sorex antinorii (Mammalia: Soricomorpha). Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2jj36325
Jacob, Philip, and Henry Teune. International Studies of Values in Politics, 1966. ICPSR07006-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1978. doi:10.3886/ICPSR07006.v1
Rodriguez, Tommy (2013): 17,170 Base Pair Alignment of Thirteen Time-Extended Lineages [data: (complete) mtDNA; format: ClustalW]. figshare. https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.815894 Retrieved: 16 26, Jan 04, 2016 (GMT)
Data Citation Standards and Practices. CODATA-ICSTI. http://www.codata.org/task-groups/data-citation-standards-and-practices.
Data Citation Synthesis Group: Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles. FORCE11. https://www.force11.org/group/joint-declaration-data-citation-principles-final.
Data Citation. Australian National Data Service (ANDS). http://www.ands.org.au/working-with-data/citation-and-identifiers/data-citation.
Get Recognition: Data Citation. The DataVerse Network. http://best-practices.dataverse.org/data-citation/.
Provide a citation and document provenance for your dataset. DataONE. http://www.dataone.org/best-practices/provide-citation-and-document-provenance-your-dataset.
Interagency Data Stewardship/Citations. The Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP Federation). http://wiki.esipfed.org/index.php/Interagency_Data_Stewardship/Citations.
Data Citation. The United States Geological Survey (USGS). https://www2.usgs.gov/datamanagement/describe/citation.php.
Data Archiving and Citation. The American Meteorological Society (AMS). https://www2.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/publications/authors/journal-and-bams-authors/journal-and-bams-authors-guide/data-archiving-and-citation/.