- Benefits of citing data
- Components of a data citation
- Examples of data citation styles
- Related information
Proper citation of data sources has both immediate and long term benefits to users and producers of data.
Benefits for data producers:
- provides proper attribution and credit
- creates a bibliographic "trail", connecting publications and supporting data
- demonstrates the impact of their work and establishes research data as an important contribution to the scholarly record
Benefits for data users:
- citation makes it easier to find datasets
- supports persistence of datasets
- encourages the reuse of data for new research questions
Benefits for everyone:
- increases transparency and reproducibility
Citing data is very similar to citing publications; there are many "correct" formats to use, but we suggest including the following important information:
- creator(s) or contributor(s)
- date of publication
- title of dataset
- identifier (e.g. Handle, ARK, DOI) or URL of source
- version, when appropriate
- date accessed, when appropriate
The order of the information is not as important as having sufficient information to find the data set(s) used. Consider the style guidelines of the research domain or lab group, data source, or preferred publisher (see "Related information" below).
Some data publishers/archives/repositories provide a suggested citation format with specific additional information (e.g. resource type, retrieval data, funder/sponsor). They may also request citation of related publication(s) along with the data. Be sure to review publisher/archive/repository citation style guides carefully. In most other cases, you can follow your discipline's scholarly citation style. The next section provides examples of common repository styles, as well as APA/MLA/Chicago styles.
|APA (6th edition)||
Smith, T.W., Marsden, P.V., & Hout, M. (2011). General social survey, 1972-2010 cumulative file (ICPSR31521-v1) [data file and codebook]. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center [producer]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor]. doi: 10.3886/ICPSR31521.v1
Smith, Tom W., Peter V. Marsden, and Michael Hout. 2011. General Social Survey, 1972-2010 Cumulative File. ICPSR31521-v1. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center. Distributed by Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. doi:10.3886/ICPSR31521.v1
Barclay, Janet Rice (2013) Stream Discharge from Harford, NY. Cornell University Library eCommons Repository. http://hdl.handle.net/1813/34425
Malekjani, Shokoufeh (2012) Microstructural response of nanocrystalline Al to cyclic loading. Deacon Research Online. http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30045928
Yannic G, Pellissier L, Dubey S, Vega R, Basset P, Mazzotti S, Pecchioli E, Vernesi C, Hauffe HC, Searle JB, Hausser J (2012) Data from: Multiple refugia and barriers explain the phylogeography of the Valais shrew, Sorex antinorii (Mammalia: Soricomorpha). Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2jj36325
Cline, D., R. Armstrong, R. Davis, K. Elder, and G. Liston. 2003. CLPX-Ground: ISA snow depth transects and related measurements ver. 2.0. Edited by M. A. Parsons and M. J. Brodzik. NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center. https://doi.org/10.5060/D4MW2F23. Accessed 2008-05-14.
Jacob, Philip, and Henry Teune. International Studies of Values in Politics, 1966. ICPSR07006-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1978. doi:10.3886/ICPSR07006.v1
Rodriguez, Tommy (2013): 17,170 Base Pair Alignment of Thirteen Time-Extended Lineages [data: (complete) mtDNA; format: ClustalW]. figshare. https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.815894 Retrieved: 16 26, Jan 04, 2016 (GMT)
|MLA (7th edition)||
Smith, Tom W., Peter V. Marsden, and Michael Hout. General Social Survey, 1972-2010 Cumulative File. ICPSR31521-v1. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center [producer]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011. Web. 23 Jan 2012. doi:10.3886/ICPSR31521.v1
In the event the publisher/archive/repository doesn't list a citation style here is additional information:
- How to Cite Datasets and Link to Publications. Digital Curation Centre (DCC). http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/cite-datasets
Data Citation Standards and Practices. CODATA-ICSTI. http://www.codata.org/task-groups/data-citation-standards-and-practices.
Data Citation Synthesis Group: Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles. FORCE11. https://www.force11.org/group/joint-declaration-data-citation-principles-final.
Data Citation. Australian National Data Service (ANDS). http://www.ands.org.au/working-with-data/citation-and-identifiers/data-citation.
Get Recognition: Data Citation. The DataVerse Network. https://dataverse.org/best-practices/data-citation.
Provide a citation and document provenance for your dataset. DataONE. http://www.dataone.org/best-practices/provide-citation-and-document-provenance-your-dataset.
Data Citation Guidelines for Earth Science Data Version 2. Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP). 2019. https://esip.figshare.com/articles/Data_Citation_Guidelines_for_Earth_Science_Data_Version_2/8441816.
Data Citation. The United States Geological Survey (USGS). https://www.usgs.gov/products/data-and-tools/data-management/data-citation.
Data Archiving and Citation. The American Meteorological Society (AMS). https://www2.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/publications/authors/journal-and-bams-authors/journal-and-bams-authors-guide/data-archiving-and-citation/.