RESEARCH DATA MANAGEMENT SERVICE GROUP
Comprehensive Data Management Planning & Services

Data citation

Proper citation of data sources has both immediate and long term benefits to users and producers of data. For data producers, citation provides proper attribution and credit. Consistently cited data sets create a bibliographic "trail" much like citation metrics that are associated more traditionally with journal articles. This tracking allows data producers to demonstrate the impact of their work and helps to establish research data as an important contribution to the scholarly record. For users, citation makes it easier to find datasets, encouraging the reuse of data for new research questions.

Components of a data citation

Citing data is very similar to citing publications; there are many "correct" formats to use, but we suggest including the following important information:

  • creator(s) or contributor(s)
  • date of publication
  • title of dataset
  • publisher
  • identifier (e.g. Handle, ARK, DOI) or URL of source
  • version, when appropriate
  • date accessed, when appropriate

The order of the information is not as important as having sufficient information to find the data set(s) used. Consider the style guidelines of the research domain or lab group, data source, or preferred publisher (see "Related information" below).

Data publishers may provide a suggested citation that can include additional information such as resource type, retrieval date, and funder or sponsor information. Some repositories will also request citation of related publication(s) along with the data. Follow the most appropriate format while meeting the requirements of the data suppliers.

Data citation format examples

Style
Example(s)
More information
DataCite

Barclay, Janet Rice (2013) Stream Discharge from Harford, NY. Cornell University Library's eCommons @ Cornell. http://hdl.handle.net/1813/34425

Malekjani, Shokoufeh (2012) Microstructural response of nanocrystalline Al to cyclic loading. Deacon Research Online. http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30045928

DataCite guidelines
DRYAD

Yannic G, Pellissier L, Dubey S, Vega R, Basset P, Mazzotti S, Pecchioli E, Vernesi C, Hauffe HC, Searle JB, Hausser J (2012) Data from: Multiple refugia and barriers explain the phylogeography of the Valais shrew, Sorex antinorii (Mammalia: Soricomorpha). Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2jj36325 

DRYAD guidelines
ICPSR

Jacob, Philip, and Henry Teune. International Studies of Values in Politics, 1966. ICPSR07006-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1978. doi:10.3886/ICPSR07006.v1

ICPSR guidelines
Figshare

Rodriguez, Tommy (2013): 17,170 Base Pair Alignment of Thirteen Time-Extended Lineages [data: (complete) mtDNA; format: ClustalW]. figshare. https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.815894 Retrieved: 16 26, Jan 04, 2016 (GMT)

Figshare guidelines

Related information

Data Citation Standards and Practices. CODATA-ICSTI. http://www.codata.org/task-groups/data-citation-standards-and-practices.

Data Citation Synthesis Group: Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles. FORCE11. https://www.force11.org/group/joint-declaration-data-citation-principles-final.

Data Citation. Australian National Data Service (ANDS). http://www.ands.org.au/working-with-data/citation-and-identifiers/data-citation

Get Recognition: Data Citation. The DataVerse Network. http://best-practices.dataverse.org/data-citation/.

Provide a citation and document provenance for your dataset. DataONE. http://www.dataone.org/best-practices/provide-citation-and-document-provenance-your-dataset

Interagency Data Stewardship/Citations. The Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP Federation).  http://wiki.esipfed.org/index.php/Interagency_Data_Stewardship/Citations

Data Citation. The United States Geological Survey (USGS). http://www.usgs.gov/datamanagement/describe/citation.php.

Data Archiving and Citation. The American Meteorological Society (AMS). https://www2.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/publications/authors/journal-and-bams-authors/journal-and-bams-authors-guide/data-archiving-and-citation/